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Mathematics > Numerical Analysis

Title: A generalized sampling and preconditioning scheme for sparse approximation of polynomial chaos expansions

Abstract: In this paper we propose an algorithm for recovering sparse orthogonal polynomials using stochastic collocation. Our approach is motivated by the desire to use generalized polynomial chaos expansions (PCE) to quantify uncertainty in models subject to uncertain input parameters. The standard sampling approach for recovering sparse polynomials is to use Monte Carlo (MC) sampling of the density of orthogonality. However MC methods result in poor function recovery when the polynomial degree is high. Here we propose a general algorithm that can be applied to any admissible weight function on a bounded domain and a wide class of exponential weight functions defined on unbounded domains. Our proposed algorithm samples with respect to the weighted equilibrium measure of the parametric domain, and subsequently solves a preconditioned $\ell^1$-minimization problem, where the weights of the diagonal preconditioning matrix are given by evaluations of the Christoffel function. We present theoretical analysis to motivate the algorithm, and numerical results that show our method is superior to standard Monte Carlo methods in many situations of interest. Numerical examples are also provided that demonstrate that our proposed Christoffel Sparse Approximation algorithm leads to comparable or improved accuracy even when compared with Legendre and Hermite specific algorithms.
Comments: 32 pages, 10 figures
Subjects: Numerical Analysis (math.NA)
MSC classes: 42C05, 41A10, 41A63
Cite as: arXiv:1602.06879 [math.NA]
  (or arXiv:1602.06879v1 [math.NA] for this version)

Submission history

From: Akil Narayan [view email]
[v1] Mon, 22 Feb 2016 18:09:09 GMT (4899kb,D)