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Mathematics > Statistics Theory

Title: Penalized Barycenters in the Wasserstein Space

Abstract: In this paper, a regularization of Wasserstein barycenters for random measures supported on $\mathbb{R}^{d}$ is introduced via convex penalization. The existence and uniqueness of such barycenters is first proved for a large class of penalization functions. The Bregman divergence associated to the penalization term is then considered to obtain a stability result on penalized barycenters. This allows the comparison of data made of $n$ absolutely continuous probability measures, within the more realistic setting where one only has access to a dataset of random variables sampled from unknown distributions. The convergence of the penalized empirical barycenter of a set of $n$ iid random probability measures towards its population counterpart is finally analyzed. This approach is shown to be appropriate for the statistical analysis of either discrete or absolutely continuous random measures. It also allows to construct, from a set of discrete measures, consistent estimators of population Wasserstein barycenters that are absolutely continuous.
Subjects: Statistics Theory (math.ST)
Cite as: arXiv:1606.01025 [math.ST]
  (or arXiv:1606.01025v3 [math.ST] for this version)

Submission history

From: Elsa Cazelles [view email]
[v1] Fri, 3 Jun 2016 09:59:07 GMT (76kb)
[v2] Tue, 4 Jul 2017 19:18:35 GMT (1753kb,D)
[v3] Wed, 25 Apr 2018 07:14:28 GMT (29kb)