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Physics > Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics

Title: Climatologies at high resolution for the earth's land surface areas

Abstract: High resolution information of climatic conditions is essential to many application in environmental sciences. Here we present the CHELSA algorithm to downscale temperature and precipitation estimates from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecast (ECMWF) climatic reanalysis interim (ERA-Interim) to a high resolution of 30 arc sec. The algorithm for temperature is based on a statistical downscaling of atmospheric temperature from the ERA-Interim climatic reanalysis. The precipitation algorithm incorporates orographic predictors such as wind fields, valley exposition, and boundary layer height, and a bias correction using Global Precipitation Climatology Center (GPCC) gridded and Global Historical Climate Network (GHCN) station data. The resulting data consist of a monthly temperature and precipitation climatology for the years 1979-2013. We present a comparison of data derived from the CHELSA algorithm with two other high resolution gridded products with overlapping temporal resolution (Tropical Rain Measuring Mission (TRMM) for precipitation, Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) for temperature) and station data from the Global Historical Climate Network (GHCN). We show that the climatological data from CHELSA has a similar accuracy to other products for temperature, but that the predictions of orographic precipitation patterns are both better and at a high spatial resolution.
Subjects: Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics (physics.ao-ph)
Cite as: arXiv:1607.00217 [physics.ao-ph]
  (or arXiv:1607.00217v2 [physics.ao-ph] for this version)

Submission history

From: Dirk Nikolaus Karger [view email]
[v1] Fri, 1 Jul 2016 12:12:46 GMT (1549kb)
[v2] Wed, 21 Sep 2016 11:55:48 GMT (1497kb)